If you work in any telecom or server room environment, and you're not currently using a Power Distribution Units (PDU), you should be. They are like power switches that allow you to toggle power on and off to your network devices remotely.
Think about all the times that all you had to do was reboot a rack-mounted server (or any other piece of equipment) to get it working again. It's an incredibly easy task, but you incur costs in the time it takes you to reach that equipment. It's much better to handle the same task remotely with a PDU.
PDU technology is absolutely critical to minimize wasted driving out to remote sites. Instead of sending out a technician and burning time, fuel, and wages on the road, you can issue power control commands remotely via a simple LAN connection.
Think of a PDU unit as a large power strip with built-in intelligence. When it's mounted on a standard 19" or 23" rack, you'll hear it referenced as a "switched rack PDU" or simply "switched PDU". You plug the unit into your site power (AC and DC models are available), and then connect multiple devices (usually about eight) to the back of the PDU.
Next, you'll plug some form of transport into the back of the PDU. This is usually LAN, serial, and/or dial-up. Alternative transports like serial and dial-up can be good in situations where LAN has failed and you need to reach the PDU remotely to issue a reboot command.
That's really all there is to it. Now, when a piece of equipment freezes up, you can simply issue a remote reboot command to your PDU, which will toggle power off to that device, then immediately turn it back on. That PDU just saved you a lot of time and effort traveling out to a telecom site or server room.
PDUs are used in server rooms, data centers, remote telecom sites, and anywhere else that gear may need to be toggled on or off (including remote reboot) without someone physically being on-site. PDUs are used in telecom, transportation/transit, public utilities, government, military, education, and research environments worldwide.
When you're evaluating PDUs, it's best to find one that has a web interface. This makes it easy to issue a "turn on", "turn off", or "reboot" command from any PC on your network using just a web browser.
All you have to do is type in the IP address of your PDU into your browser and press 'Return'. You log in to your PDU with a username and password (an important feature for preventing unauthorized access to your site power control), and then issue your commands. You can also view the current state of all power output ports from the web interface.
Some PDUs will even monitor the current flow going through each power output port. This is an invaluable feature when you want to track the power consumption to your sites.
This tends to be important to people working in data centers and server rooms - especially in the modern world where "green" technology has become all the rage. Current monitoring is also important for PDUs when they'll be deployed in environments that must operate on battery backup power most or all of the time. You simply can't afford to have a power hog in those kinds of environments.
SNMP is usually a technology reserved for RTU's and other remote monitoring gear, but it's important in the PDU world as well. If you're going to be deploying more than a few PDUs, they have to be able to integrate into your industry-standard alarm monitoring platform. Most of those are based on the SNMP protocol. If your PDU can output SNMP, it gives you a big leg up when you're trying to integrate it with your SNMP manager.
The integration of your PDUs with your SNMP manager offers several advantages. First, you're able to track the current state of each power output port, as well as the power input of the PDU. You can also track for PDU hardware failures and other "internal" alarms.
Even, more importantly, an SNMP PDU can be remotely controlled via your SNMP manager. This means that you can set up a fully automatic server (or other equipment ) reboot/power cycling system.
If your SNMP manager receives a trap message from equipment that has jammed up (or, more likely, it can't get any kind of response from that device), it can automatically issue a power cycle command to the PDU. In this way, SNMP integration with your PDUs can eliminate the requirement for a human response entirely.
Of course, a good SNMP manager and/or PDU will send you an alert describing the problem and the action that is automatically taken. That way, you can issue a manual command or other adjustments that you feel it necessary.
Getting PDU functionality from your existing RTU
With the right accessory box, it is possible to convert your RTU to a power distribution unit. The RTU's native low-amp relays are used to control high-amp relays on the converter box.
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